This paragraph is from our recent book, Mesch, Gustavo and Ilan Talmud. (2010) Wired Youth The Social World of Adolescence in the Information Age. Pp. 119-136. Routledge. http://www.amazon.com/Wired-Youth-Adolescence-Information-Society/dp/041545994X/ref=tmm_pap_title_0
The social network perspective focuses on exchanges (or the lack of) between
pairs of actors. A social network relation denotes the type of exchange or interaction between any pair of actors in a system of actors. The network approach differs from other approaches mainly in its focus on exchanges and interactions between actors, not on the individual characteristics of the actors engaged in the exchange of resources. Social network analysis is used to describe the network and to explain how involvement in a particular network helps to explain its members’ attitudes and behavior. In our understanding of the role of youth social networks it is positive
outcomes that are almost always emphasized. At the same time we should recognize that social ties can carry negative outcomes, commonly thought to be the result of lack of social ties alone. Not belonging to a large network, not experiencing closeness to existing ties, or belonging to a low density network are all assumed conducive to deterioration in mental health. Note however that negative outcomes may result from being involved in negative social ties—negative in the sense of hostile, aggressive, and humiliating interactions
Joining social media, is joining or creating a network, and the structure, composition and activities, together with its integration with the school based social network have implications for cyberbullying and bullying.
Networks need to be studied to understand their role in bullying behavior and victimization.
More you can read in our book at your library.